Establishment of a farm + template of the charter of the farm + template of the decision (protocol) on the establishment of the farm

Farming is a form of entrepreneurship of citizens for the purpose of production, processing and sale of marketable agricultural products. Members of a farm may not be persons who work in it under an employment contract (contract, agreement). Relations related to the establishment and operation of farms are regulated by this Code, as well as the law on farming and other laws (Article 114 of the Commercial Code of Ukraine).

 

A more detailed definition of farming is given by Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming", according to which farming is a form of entrepreneurial activity of citizens who have expressed a desire to produce marketable agricultural products, process and sell them for profit on land provided to them in the ownership and / or use, including for rent, for farming, commodity agricultural production, personal farming, in accordance with the law.

 

Establishment of a farm

 

A farm may be established by one citizen of Ukraine or several citizens of Ukraine who are relatives or family members, in accordance with the law (Part 2, Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming").
The farm is subject to state registration as a legal entity or a natural person - entrepreneur. The farm operates on the basis of the constituent document (for a legal entity - the charter, for the economy without the status of a legal entity - the agreement (declaration) on the establishment of the farm). The constituent document indicates the name of the farm, its location, address, subject and purpose of activity, the procedure for forming property (capital), management bodies, the procedure for making decisions, the procedure for entering and leaving the farm and other provisions that do not contradict the legislation of Ukraine . (Part 4 of Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming").

 

A farm can be registered only if it is acquired by a citizen of Ukraine or several citizens of Ukraine who have expressed a desire to establish a farm, ownership or use of land (Article 8 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming").

Provision of land plots of state and communal ownership in the ownership or use for farming is carried out in the manner prescribed by the Land Code of Ukraine (Article 7 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming").

ATTENTION, it follows from Articles 1 and 8 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming" that farms have the right to create only one or more citizens of Ukraine. Therefore, foreigners and stateless persons do not have such a right by law.

Thus, a farm (FG) can be established as a legal entity or without the status of a legal entity. Consider the nuances in the table.

Farm with the status of a legal entity

Farm without the status of a legal entity

can be created in the form of:

- farm

- family farm

can be created in the form of a family farm:

- independently by an individual

- an individual together with members of his family

A farm may be established by one citizen of Ukraine or several citizens of Ukraine who are relatives or family members, in accordance with the law (Part 2, Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming")

Every able-bodied citizen of Ukraine who has reached the age of 18 and has expressed a desire to establish a farm has the right to establish a farm (Article 5 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming").

acts on the basis of the constituent document - the Charter

(Part 4 of Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming").

operates on the basis of the following constituent documents: - agreement on the establishment of a farm (for family FG, notarized) - declaration on the establishment of a farm (for independent FG, drawn up by an individual in writing) (Part 4 of Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine " "On the farm"). (Part 2 of Article 8-1 of the Law of Ukraine "On the farm")

A farm registered as a legal entity has the status of a family farm, provided that its business uses the work of members of such a farm, which are exclusively members of one family in accordance with Article 3 of the Family Code of Ukraine (Part 5 of Article 1 of the Law) "On farming").

The family consists of persons who live together, are connected by common life, have mutual rights and responsibilities.

A marriage is considered a family even when the wife and husband do not live together due to education, work, treatment, the need to care for parents, children and other valid reasons.

The family is created on the basis of marriage, consanguinity, adoption, as well as on other grounds not prohibited by law and not contrary to the moral principles of society.

(Article 3 of the Family Code of Ukraine)

Сімейне фермерське господарство без статусу юридичної особи організовується фізичною особою самостійно або спільно з членами її сім’ї на підставі договору (декларації) про створення сімейного фермерського господарства.

(ч. 1 ст. 8-1 Закону України «Про фермерське господарство»)

 

A family farm without the status of a legal entity is organized by an individual independently or jointly with members of his family on the basis of an agreement (declaration) on the establishment of a family farm.

(Part 1 of Article 8-1 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming")

The head of the farm is its founder or another person specified in the Charter.

(Part 1 of Article 4 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming")

The head of a family farm without the status of a legal entity is a family member defined by the agreement (declaration) on the establishment of a family farm, which is registered as a natural person - entrepreneur.

After concluding (drawing up) an agreement (declaration) on the establishment of a family farm, the head of the family farm must register as a natural person - entrepreneur or register changes to the information about a natural person - entrepreneur in the manner prescribed by law.

(Part 3 of Article 8-1 of the Law of Ukraine "On Farming")

Only a member of the family can be the head of the family farm.

(Part 5 of Article 1 of the Law "On Farming")

The farm is subject to state registration in the manner prescribed by law for state registration of legal entities and natural persons - entrepreneurs, provided the acquisition of a citizen of Ukraine or several citizens of Ukraine who have expressed a desire to create a farm, ownership or use of land (Article 8 of the Law " About the farm ")

To create and state registration of a farm with the status of a legal entity, it is necessary to submit the following list of documents to the state registrar:

1) application for state registration of a legal entity (Form 1);

2) the original OR a notarized copy of the decision of the founder (if he is one) or the decision of the founders (if there are two or more);

3) the charter of the farm;

4) a notarized copy of the passport of the beneficiary (or passports of the beneficiaries, if there are several), if the passport is in the form of a booklet and not an ID-card. ATTENTION: even in case of submission of documents personally by the sole beneficiary, a notarized copy of the passport must still be attached to the package of documents.

Для створення та державної реєстрації сімейного фермерського господарства без статусу юридичної особи необхідно подати державному реєстратору:

1) заяву про державну реєстрацію фізичної особи підприємцем (Форма 10);

2) нотаріально посвідчений договір про створення сімейного фермерського господарства (якщо засновників декілька) або декларацію про створення сімейного фермерського господарства (якщо фермерське господарство буде вестися одноосібно). На відміну від договору, декларація не підлягає обовязковому нотаріальному посвідченню;

3) якщо особа досягла 16-річного, але ще не досягла 18-річного віку, -  нотаріально засвідчена письмова згода батьків (усиновлювачів) або піклувальника чи органу опіки та піклування.

Створити статут фермерського господарства Ви можете у конструкторі Instaco за посиланням. Для створення лише необхідно ввести дані свого господарства та його засновників.

Також, Ви маєте можливість швидко зробити протокол загальних зборів засновників чи рішення єдиного засновника щодо створення фермерського господарства. Для цього у контсрукторі Instaco за посиланням Ви просто заповнюєте необхідні дані і формуєте документ. 

 Зображення

 

To create and state registration of a family farm without the status of a legal entity, it is necessary to submit to the state registrar:

1) application for state registration of a natural person by an entrepreneur (Form 10);

2) a notarized agreement on the establishment of a family farm (if there are several founders) or a declaration on the establishment of a family farm (if the farm will be run alone). Unlike the contract, the declaration is not subject to mandatory notarization;

3) if the person has reached 16 years of age, but has not yet reached 18 years of age - notarized written consent of parents (adoptive parents) or guardian or guardianship authority.

You can create a farm charter in Instaco Designer at the link. To create, you only need to enter the data of your farm and its founders.

Also, you have the opportunity to quickly make the minutes of the general meeting of founders or the decision of the sole founder to establish a farm. To do this, in the Instaco constructor by following the link, you simply fill in the necessary data and create a document.

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